pisum sativum inflorescence

This work was supported by U.S. Department of Agriculture grants 87-CRCR-1-2554 and 90-37261-5516 to S.R.S; C.J.F was supported by a Howard Hughes Medical Institute Undergraduate Biological Sciences Education Initiative Grant (71108-502901) and National Science Foundation grant DIR 90-00810. Nature 215, 319–320, Reid, J.B., Murfet, I.C. Abstract. Stem: Erect and climbing, one to three feet high, young stem densely pubescent, somewhat angular, herbaceous, green and branched.. Leaves: Alternate, petiolate, … (1985) Floral determination in axillary buds of Nicotiana silvestris. Habit: Cultivated herb, becoming shrubby.. Root: Branched tap root system, nodulated due to the presence of nitrogen fixing bacteria (Rhizobium leguminosorum).. 118, 587–592, Singer, S.R., Hsiung, L.P., Huber, S.C. (1990) Determinate (det) mutant of Pisum sativum (Leguminosae: papilionoideae) exhibits an indeterminate growth pattern. Determination for inflorescence development is a stable state, separable from determination for flower development in Pisum sativum L. buds. 727. Susan R. Singer. We thank Drs. 2015 Apr;27(4):1046-60. doi: 10.1105/tpc.115.136150. (1991) Floral determination and in-vitro floral differentiation in isolated shoot apices of Lolium temulentum L. Planta 185, 9–16, Miginiac, E. (1978) Some aspects of regulation of flowering: role of correlative factors in photoperiodic plants. 8, British Plant Growth Regulator Group, Wantage, UK, Department of Biology, Carleton College, 55057, Northfield, MN, USA, Carolyn J. Ferguson, Sarah C. Huber, Pauline H. Hong & Susan R. Singer, You can also search for this author in Humans have likely been eating peas for approximately 9,500 years, and cultivating them for 8,500 years (Elzebroek and Wind, 2008). (1990) Floral determination in the terminal bud of the short-day plant Pharbitis nil. (1984) Flowering in Pisum: a fifth locus veg. Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. J. Bot. 92, 615–621, Habermann, H.M., Sekulow, D.B. Bot. In contrast seed-derived plants had an NFI of 16.5 ±0.2. J. 70, 121–127, Hackett, W.P., Sachs, R.M. Tooke F, Ordidge M, Chiurugwi T, Battey N. J Exp Bot. et al. Question 5.  |  5–25, Jackson, M.B., Grout, B., Mackenzie, I.A., eds. Genome-wide association study (GWAS) was conducted to identify loci associated with agronomic (days to flowering, days to maturity, plant height, seed yield and seed weight), seed morphology (shape and dimpling), and seed quality (protein, starch, and fiber concentrations) traits of field pea (Pisum sativum L.). Por Amy Pool. (1982) Hormonal aspects of senescence in plant development. You can change the display of the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in the upper right-hand corner. Thus, the axillary meristems contributing to the inflorescence had not formed at the time the bud was explanted. (1968) Experimental separation of inflorescence development from initiation in Bougainvillea. This site needs JavaScript to work properly. Determination for inflorescence development was assessed by culturing excised buds and meristems. USA.gov. Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout. PISAM: Pisum sativum L. var. The architecture of the inflorescence, the shoot system that bears the flowers, is a main component of the huge diversity of forms found in flowering plants. In: Plant reproduction: from floral induction to pollination, pp. Pisum Species: sativum Family: Fabaceae Uses (Ethnobotany): Grown as green manures and cover crops Life Cycle: Annual Recommended Propagation Strategy: Seed Country Or Region Of Origin: Eurasia Climbing Method: Tendrils Edibility: Seeds, pods, flowers, … Growth 36, 339–349, Irish, E.E., Nelson, T.M. Pisum sativum inflorescence architecture genes Gene Mutant phenotype VEGI No flowers, no [I.sub.2] stub DET Converts [I.sub.1] meristem to [I.sub.2] meristem terminating as a stub NEP Multiple pods per inflorescence branch in both nep-1 and nep-2 alleles PIM Floral meristem develops as anflorescence meristem BROC Enhances pim phenotype; broc alone is wild type UNI Reduces … (1984) Competence, determination and induction in plant development. -. Pea (Pisum sativum) has served as a model for development of the compound raceme, characteristic of many legume species, and in this study, we characterize the pea VEGETATIVE2 (VEG2) locus, showing that it is critical for regulation of flowering and inflorescence development and identifying it as a homolog of the bZIP transcription factor FD. Cell 63, 1311–1322, Dennin, K.A., McDaniel, C.N. (1980) Influence of leaves and roots on meristem development in Nicotiana tabacum L. cv. COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation. So far, a large amount of data has been accumulated on the regulatory mechanisms of the inflorescence architecture in model plant species such as arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana), rice (Oryza sativa), maize (Zea mays), and pea (Pisum sativum) . Planta 175, 9–12, Larkin, J.C., Felsheim, R., Das, A. This trait is of both agricultural and evolutionary interest. Publishers, Boston, Gebhardt, J.S., McDaniel, C.N. (1990) Characterization of pea shoots miniaturized by growth in culture. Review of the health benefits of peas (Pisum sativum L.) - Volume 108 Issue S1 - Wendy J. Dahl, Lauren M. Foster, Robert T. Tyler Skip to main content Accessibility help We use cookies to distinguish you from other users and to provide you with a better experience on our websites. volume 185, pages518–522(1991)Cite this article. Epub 2006 Oct 5. J. Bot. Summary: Key words: Pisum. Botanical description of Pisum sativum (Pea Plant). 71, 925–931, Paton, D.M. Ferguson, C.J., Huber, S.C., Hong, P.H. Terminal meristems of Pisum sativum (garden pea) transit from vegetative to inflorescence development, and begin producing floral axillary meristems. BMC Plant Biol. (1970) In vitro studies of floral shoot apices of Pharbitis nil. McDaniel, C.N., King, R.W., Evans, L.T. In addition, meristems excised without leaf primordia from axillary buds three nodes above the cotyledons of age-3 plants gave rise to adventitious buds with an NFI of 8.3 ±0.3 nodes. 393–412, Malacinski, G.M., ed. Garden Pea (Pisum sativum). Inflorescence architecture has also a strong impact on the production of fruits and seeds, and on crop management, two highly relevant agronomical traits. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00202961, Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips, Not logged in M.S. Garden pea (Pisum sativum) is a widely cultivated plant, and hundreds of forms have been developed. 967–973, Hirakawa Publ., Tokyo, McDaniel, C.N. thesis, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, N.Y., USA, Sokal, R.R., Rohlf, F.J. (1981) Biometry. The common garden pea, Pisum sativum var. macrocarpon Ser. 1753.. Herbáceas anuales, trepadoras, muy variables en forma y hábito, glabras. Macmillan, New York. Can. Botanically, pea pods are fruit, since they contain seeds and develop from the ovary of a (pea) flower. (a) In Pisum sativum leaflets modified into tendrils (b) In Atalantia terminal bud is modified into thorns (c) In Nepenthes midrib is modified into lid (d) In Smilax inflorescence axis is modified into tendrils Answer: (b) In Pisum sativum leaflets modified into tendrils. Planta. 2003 Oct;92(4):581-8. doi: 10.1093/aob/mcg178. In addition, the increasing availability of genetic and genomic tools for legumes is allowing to rapidly extending this knowledge to other grain legume crops. 1988 Jul;175(1):9-12 The first node of floral initiation (NFI) for bud expiants developing in culture and for adventitious shoots forming on cultured meristems … 24, 969–981, Singer, S.R., McDaniel, C.N. We are characterizing a suiteof Pisum sativum mutants that alter inflorescence architecture to construct a model for the genetic regulation of inflorescence development in a plant with a compound raceme. 1991 Nov;185(4):513-7 (1957) Leaching of a flower inhibitor from late varieties of peas. Bibliography Sort Newest first; Oldest first; Alphabetically; First published in Sp. 51–57, Lord, E., Bernier, G., eds. Pl. NLM By age 3, all terminal buds were determined for inflorescence development. 2014 Nov 30;14:318. doi: 10.1186/s12870-014-0318-z. Pisum sativum L. appears in other Kew resources: IPNI - The International Plant Names Index. Thus cells within the meristem were determined for inflorescence development. These findings indicate that determination for inflorescence development in P. sativum is a stable developmental state, separable from determination for flower development, and occurring prior to initiation of the inflorescence at the level of meristems. Solution for Scientific name Type of Inflorescence Gladiolus sp. (1991) Flowering response of Nicotiana tabacum L. day-neutral and short-day cultivars: Interactions among roots, genotype, leaf ontogenic position and growth conditions. Determination occurred at least eight nodes before the first axillary flower was initiated. : 727 (1753) Accepted by. Bot. Clivia miniata Foeniculum vulgare Tithonia diversifolia Phaseolus vulgaris Pisum… Planta 185, 513–517, Gould, K.S., Chambers, S.R.P. (1988). Ferguson, C.J., S.C. Huber, S.R. American Society of Plant Physiologists, Rockville, Md. Teeri TH, Uimari A, Kotilainen M, Laitinen R, Help H, Elomaa P, Albert VA. J Exp Bot. Biol. In the wild-type P. sativum stipules are simple foliaceous and flowers are non-bracteolated. 48, 1355–1358, Coen, E.S., Romero, J.M., Doyle, S., Elliott, R., Murphy, G., Carpenter, R. (1990) floricaula: a homeotic gene required for flower development in Antirrhinum majus. Mag. Mechanisms and function of flower and inflorescence reversion. 2005 Oct;56(420):2587-99. doi: 10.1093/jxb/eri254. Part of Springer Nature. This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable. Issue 1, 159–173. Geographic subdivisions for Pisum sativum: NCo, NCoRO, GV, SCoRO, SCo, PR, expected elsewhere : MAP CONTROLS 1. Planta 185, 518–522 (1991). Bot. Am. Select the mismatch pair. Summary: Together with an outstanding practical value, garden pea (Pisum sativum L.) represents a classical model object for studies on ontogeny of compound inflorescence, compound leaf, zygomorphic flower and nodulation. Monogr. McDaniel, C.N. By age 3, all terminal buds were determined for inflorescence development. organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite; fruit: borer: larva: doubtful: Apionidae: Eutrichapion ervi: fruit: borer: Chrysomelidae: Bruchus pisorum: fruit (1986) Floral determination in the terminal and axillary buds of Nicotiana tabacum L. Dev. Escapes have been reported in scattered locations across North America, including New England. Development of maize plants from cultured shoot apices. (1990) Leaf process and meristem determination in Nicotiana. Author information: (1)Department of Biology, Carleton College, 55057, Northfield, MN, USA. Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! Clivia miniata Foeniculum vulgare Tithonia… Subscription will auto renew annually. Determination occurred at least eight nodes before the first axillary flower was initiated. Correspondence to Learn more about Institutional subscriptions, Bhar, D.S. Summary: Our paper provides new data on genetic control of flower number per axillary inflorescence in garden pea (Pisum sativumL.). Determination for inflorescence development was assessed by culturing excised buds and meristems. Such a model, when compared with those created forAntirrhinum majus andArabidopsis thaliana, both of which have simple racemes, should provide insight into the evolution … 1972 Dec;36(4):339-49 Hosackia stipularis (Stipulate Lotus) 1990 Dec 21;63(6):1311-22 Rice is an ideal genetic model to study the inflorescence development of grasses. Plant Sci. Epub 2003 Aug 15. Planta 185: 518-522 Dev. In contrast seed-derived plants had an NFI of 16.5 ±0.2. J. Bot. - 37.187.158.127. The present study reports the inflorescence ontogeny and morphology in tribe Fabeae (Fabaceae) addressing the evolutionary trends of selected inflorescence features in clade Lathyrus–Pisum–Vavilovia.In all three mentioned genera, the whole inflorescence in annual taxa comprises an open shoot bearing frondose leaves subtended by simple racemes. -, Growth. 77, 1330–1335, Smith, S.E.M. -, Planta. In: Plant growth substances 1973, pp. Terminal meristems of Pisum sativum (garden pea) transit from vegetative to inflorescence development, and begin producing floral axillary meristems. Soc. Plant.  |  Am. Zornia gibbosa. Plants of the garden pea Pisum sativum an annual Papilionaceae species which have a mutation in the COCHLEATA (COCH) gene bear compound stipules of leaf morphology and secondary inflorescences in which flowers are borne in axils of bracteoles on an inflorescence stem. Pisum sativum (peas) are hardy annual plants native to Eurasia that have been grown since 7,000 B.C. SPECIFICATION OF MERISTEM IDENTITY IN PISUM SATIVUM INFLORESCENCE DEVELOPMENT Susan R. Singer, Sonja L. Maki and Heidi J. Mullen Department of Biology, Carieton College, Northfield, MN 55057, U.S.A. Introduction The diversity of inflorescence patterns encountered among angiosperms can be at-tributed to modifications of a few basic plans (25). Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. NIH Paterson, K.E. These findings indicate that determination for inflorescence development in P. sativum is a stable developmental state, separable from determination for flower development, and occurring prior to initiation of the inflorescence at the level of meristems. (1983) Plant Physiology, 4th edn., P.W.S. Freemann, W.H., San Francisco, Sprent, J.I., Barber, H.N. Terminal meristems of Pisum sativum (garden pea) transit from vegetative to inflorescence development, and begin producing floral axillary meristems. Planta 148, 462–467, McDaniel, C.N. Noteworthy Characteristics. Would you like email updates of new search results? HHS  |  (1984) Shoot tip culture of Helianthus annuus — flowering and development of adventitious and multiple shoots. Solution for Give the flower type of inflorescence below. (1967) Leaf status and photoperiodic control of flower initiation in a late variety of pea. The first node of floral initiation (NFI) for bud expiants developing in culture and for adventitious shoots forming on cultured meristems was compared with the NFI of intact control buds. PISUM L. . Both crop improvement and developmental researches PRIMORDIA IN FLOWERS OF PISUM SATIVUM (LEGUMINOSAE: PAPILIONOIDEAE)1 SHIRLEY C. TUCKER Department of Botany, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70803 ABSTRACT The floral ontogeny of Pisum sativum shows a vertical order of succession of sepals, petals plus carpel, antesepalous stamens, and antepetalous stamens. 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