scientific name of sweet pea

Flowers are usually strongly scented. There are ongoing attempts to bring the yellow color into Lathyrus odoratus by crossing it with Lathyrus belinensis. is an accepted name. It is grown as an annual plant, so it has no USDA hardiness zone. Bush varieties can be planted in containers. The seeds benefit from pre-soaking or chipping with a sharp blade. It is highly suitable as a genetic subject because of its ability to self-pollinate and its easily observed Mendelian traits such as colour, height and petal form. Indigofera hirsuta. Petite Butterflies is a compact variety with very dense foliage that will grow to about three to four feet high and wide. No serious insect or disease problems Slugs and snails are attracted to young plants. Life Cycle. Terminal (leaf) node. Garden Pea in Spanish can be different from Garden Pea in English. (1906). By 1901, he had introduced a total of 115 of the 264 cultivars grown at the time. | EduRev Class 10 Question is disucussed on EduRev Study Group by 285 Class 10 Students. Symptoms are similar to those of scurvy and copper deficiency, which share the common feature of inhibiting proper formation of collagen fibrils. The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. They are larger and very variable in color in the many cultivars. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sweet_pea&oldid=990891979, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 03:09. Birmingham. Lathyrus spp. Scientific Name: Lathyrus odoratus: Common Name: Sweet Pea: Height: 5-8 feet: Spread: 1-2 feet: Bloom time: Spring, Summer: Flower color: Various: Light Exposure: The flowers are purple and up to 1.4 inches (3.5 cm) wide in the wild plant. Several new sweet pea cultivars have been created as a result, though not any with the yellow flower color so far. Scientific name: Pisum sativum. More recently, the association between the sweet pea, the Eckfords and Wem has been highlighted again. [6] The main effect is thought to be on the formation of collagen. In cold areas, to get an earlier flowering crop, consider starting Sweet Pea seeds indoors in pots 4 to 6 weeks before your last frost date. These sweet-flavored peas are delicious raw or cooked. A striking flower, its dark red petals are certain to catch the attention of anyone who … The leaves are pinnate with 2 leaflets and a terminal tendril, which twines around supporting plants and structures, helping the plant to climb. Climbs up to three feet on grass and other vegetation. Sweet Pea (Lathyrus odoratus) is a flowering plant in the genus Lathyrus in the family Fabaceae (legumes), native to the eastern Mediterranean region from Sicily east to Crete. The sweet pea plant does suffer from some pests, the most common being aphids. Inch-long, rounded leaves are gray-green. Value Class Food Cover; macrocarpon Interesting and common names: mangetout (French for "eat all"), sugar snaps, sweet peas, sugar pops, sugar daddies Plant Family: Fabaceae (formerly Leguminosae) includes beans, other peas, lentils EarthDance Variety: ‘Sugar Snap’ Other varieties for Missouri growers: ‘Sugar Ann, ‘Super Sugar Snap’ Scientific name i: Lathyrus odoratus: Taxonomy navigation › Lathyrus. Once important cut flowers, prized for their aroma and range of colours, sweet peas benefit substantially from anti-ethylene pretreatments. They are larger and very variable in color in the many cultivars. Recent experiments have attempted to develop this chemical as a treatment to avoid disfiguring skin contractions after skin grafting. The plants are also available later in the season, as young plants or plugs. Additional common names for this species include perennial pea and wild sweet pea. Because of this, growers are encouraged to plant sweet peas away from fruit trees among other plants prone to early dieback or senescence. See more at How to Grow and Care for Sweet Peas. He later passed the seeds onto a botanist at the medical school in Amsterdam who later published a paper on sweet peas, including the first botanical illustration. Plant type Flowering plant. Vine to 6 feet long with winged stems, petioles, and peduncles which uses petiole-terminating tendrils to climb. Green pea. Subscribe now and be up to date with our latest news and updates. They are grown by gardeners for private enjoyment or for exhibition, and in the floristry trade. There is also a cultivar 'Dorothy Eckford', named after a family member. Description / Shipment / Storage / Risk factors Scientific Name and Introduction. The sweet pea, Lathyrus odoratus, is a flowering plant in the genus Lathyrus in the family Fabaceae (legumes), native to Sicily, southern Italy and the Aegean Islands. All rights reserved. Achillea millefolium 'Red Beauty' (Red Beauty Yarrow). A pest called the pollen beetle which is small, shiny and black, eats the pollen and disfigures the flowers. Lathyrism versus odoratism. [4], Over 50 cultivars have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. Lathyrus odoratus is an annual climbing plant that grows up 6.7 feet (2 m) tall where suitable support is available. Polygalas are wonderful flowering evergreen shrubs from South Africa that are just beginning to get the attention they deserve. Sweet Peas are best sown in a full to part sun location directly in the ground on well-drained, compost amended soil in spring. They do grow best on a neutral pH soil, so add some lime. Snap Peas. In 1888 he set up his development and trial fields for sweet peas in Wem in Shropshire. Fabaceae (Queensland, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, and the Northern Territory) Fabaceae: sub-family Faboideae (New South Wales) Leguminosae (South Australia) Papilionaceae (Western Australia) Kummerowia striata. These insects suck the sap out of the plants, reducing growth. The Plant List: See: Taxonomic note below on … Plant once your ground has dried out, spacing the seeds 6 inches (15 cm) apart. Unlike the edible pea, there is evidence that seeds of members of the genus Lathyrus are toxic if ingested in quantity. Kummerowia stipulacea. It was used by Punnett in early studies of genetic linkage. Scottish nurseryman Henry Eckford (1823–1905) cross-bred and developed the sweet pea, turning it from a rather insignificant if sweetly scented flower into a floral sensation of the late Victorian era. Additional potential pests include aphids, pea moth and mites. Stems. A member of the Royal Horticultural Society, he was awarded a First Class Certificate (the top award) in 1882 for introducing the sweet pea cultivar 'Bronze Prince', marking the start of association with the flower. Centrosema pubescens Benth. Snap peas (which gardeners often call sugar snaps after the original variety, Sugar Snap) are grown like English peas, picked when the pods have filled out and eaten pods and all. Other Common Names: english pea field pea green pea Fact Sheet. Sun required full sun to partial shade. [9], Like the blue rose, the yellow sweet pea remains elusive. Common Name(s): sweet pea [English] vetchling [English] peavine [English] pea [English] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met Global Species Completeness: partial : Latest Record Review: 2011 Air Warden. [8] Complementary factor inheritance was also elucidated in sweet peas, from the cross of two pure-breeding white strains which gave rise to a blue hybrid, the blue colour requiring two genes derived independently from the two white parents. [7], Gregor Mendel is today recognized as the "Father of Modern Genetics" for his work with the cross breeding of pea plants (Pisum sativum) with different characteristics, and sweet pea has been used in a similar way. The plant was categorized by Linnaeus and was done in accordance with its branch nodules that bind nitrogen from the air. Many of the street signs now carry a sweet-pea motif, and an area of the town is known as Eckford Park. This repeat bloomer provides continuous accent color. He died in 1906, but his work was continued for a time by his son John Eckford. The sweet pea is also susceptible to ethylene in quantities produced by senescing plants. Perennial Pea, Sweet Pea, Everlasting Pea - Lathyrus latifolius. Dasler, W. (1954). Sweet peas (Lathyrus odoratus) reside in the genus Lathyrus in the family Fabaceae of legumes. Sweet Peas may dry up and die in mid-summer in warmer areas. Common Name: Sweet Clover Scientific Name: Melilotus spp. If your soil is acidic, keep the soil evenly moist for good germination and growth. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Overview of sweet pea plants. and Punnett, R.C. They are grown for their flower colour (usually in pastel shades of blue, pink, purple and white, including bi-colours), and for their intense unique fragrance. It is an annual climbing plant, growing to a height of 1–2 metres (3 ft 3 in–6 ft 7 in), where suitable support is available. Lathyrus aphaca. Sweetpea The scientific name of sweetpea flower is Lathyrus Odoratus. His initial success and recognition came while serving as head gardener for the Earl of Radnor, raising new cultivars of pelargoniums and dahlias. [5], In studies of rats, animals fed a diet of 50% sweet pea seeds developed enlarged adrenals relative to control animals fed on edible peas. Sweet Peas; Talinum; Tithonia (Mexican Sunflower) Tulips; Verbena; Viola (Pansy) Wildflower Mixes; Yarrow; Zinnias The sweet pea, Lathyrus odoratus, is a flowering plant in the genus Lathyrus in the family Fabaceae (legumes), native to Sicily, southern Italy and the Aegean Islands.[1]. Family: Fabaceae Cool-Season Legumes. Native Status: Introduced. In the wild plant the flowers are purple, 2–3.5 centimetres (0.79–1.38 in) broad; they are larger and very variable in colour in the many cultivars. In the wild plant the flowers are purple, up to 1.4 inches (3.5 cm) wide. Sweet Pea Flower Meaning Good-bye, departure, blissful pleasure, thank you for a lovely time. Punnett, R.C. Singletary Pea, Caley Pea, Pea,Singletary: Scientific Name: Lathyrus hirsutus: Family: Fabaceae: Longevity: Annual: Season: Cool: Origin: Introduced: Height: Vine: Flowers: May: Description: A vine-like legume with flattened leaves and stems. Observations of odoratism (sweet pea lathyrism) in the rat. Genus: Lathyrus. Specific epithet means broad-leaved. and Iyer, C.G. Sweet pea is a native of the China family of Pulses. Many genetic principles were discovered or confirmed in this species. 72–96". While all members of the genus Lathyrus [ Lathyrus sativus (Chickling pea), L. odoratus (sweet pea), L. latifolius (Perennial sweet pea), L. sylvestris (flat pea), L. hirsutus (Rough Pea) ] are considered toxic, the effects of the toxins tend to be more cumulative than immediate. Glycine max. Some of the common names include English peas, spring peas, sweet peas, garden peas, pease,, etc. The annual species, L. odoratus, may be confused with the everlasting pea, L. latifolius, a perennial.[2]. They are native to Sicily, southern Italy and the Aegean Island. They are grown up canes, with the new shoots being regularly pinched out to promote a bushy habit and higher flower yields. Data Source and Documentation ... Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. It produces masses of vibrant purple and magenta flowers throughout the year. (1959). Common name Sweet peas. Snap Peas Scientific Name: Pisum sativum var. Pea is a quick growing, an annual herbaceous vine which requires the trellis to support its growth. everlasting peavine, sweet pea, broad-leaved everlasting-pea, everlasting pea. Seeds of the sweet pea contain beta-aminopropionitrile that prevents the cross-linking of collagen by inhibiting lysyl oxidase and thus the formation of allysine, leading to loose skin. NOTE: Spencer Series sweet peas are known as late-flowering because they require at least 12 hours of daylight, unlike more modern sweet pea varieties bred for winter production, which may require only 10–11 hours of daylight. Common name i: Sweet pea: Synonym i-Other names i ›Lathyrus odoratus L. Rank i: SPECIES: Lineage i … Packet: 50 seeds. Dastur, D.K. “Odoratus” on the other hand is … Scientific Name: Lathyrus latifolius L. Family Name: Fabaceae (Leguminosae) - Pea or Bean Family. Identification Notes. In the late 1980s, the Sweet Pea Society of Wem started an annual show. Description of Values. The two words in the flower’s scientific name, “ Lathyrus odoratus,” mean “fragrant” and also “very attractive.” That meaning makes a lot of sense! Pukinggan is a common name shared by (1) Centrosema pubescens, butterfly pea; and (2) Clitorea ternatea, blue pea vine. Lathyrus hirsutus. Lathyrus latifolius - Perennial Pea, Sweet Pea, Everlasting Pea. 400 seeds/oz. Subfamily: Faboideae Lathyrus odoratus is an annual, climbing plant, growing up 6.7 feet (2 m) tall, where suitable support is available. It was derived from the Geek word “lathyros” which means pulse or pea. Hoffmannseggia glauca. Since Sweet Peas are a Legume, they need little additional fertilizer. Genus Common Name: Pea. The large, pea-shaped seeds are sown in cold frames in Spring or Autumn. The scientific name of Garden Pea is the botanical name or formal name. The first written record of the sweet pea appeared in 1695 in the writings of Francisco Cupani. In 1870 he went to work for one Dr. Sankey of Sandywell near Gloucester. Mosaic virus is spread by greenfly, causing yellowing of leaves, distortion of new shoots, and inhibited flowering. Plants typically reach heights of 1-2m, with the flowers appearing in midsummer and continuing for many weeks if regularly deadheaded. Another problem is mildew; this is a white powdery coating that covers the leaves and slows down growth. Enjoy the early summer crop and consider planting a crop in mid-summer for fall. Genus name comes from the Greek word lathyros for pea or pulse. It is an annual climbing plant, growing to a height of 1-2 m where suitable support is available. Plant climbing Sweet Peas along a fence, trellis, or wire. Butterfly pea is a English common name shared by both species. See List of AGM sweet peas. arvense sativum var. • Attracts hummingbirds. Family: Fabaceae Other pests include caterpillars, thrips, slugs and snails. Basic Sweet Pea Flower Information Common Names Sweet Pea Scientific Name Genus species Lathyrus odoratus Family Fabaceae History With more than 260 varieties in cultivation, sweet peas come in a broad color range, including white, purple, pink, lavender and red. Family: Fabaceae - Pea family. Copyright © 2013-2021 World of Flowering Plants. Avg. They have the tenderness and fleshy pod qualities of young beans with the flavor of peas. Lathyrus belinensis is a related Lathyrus species which has red and yellow flowers. Rank Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae ... Fabaceae ⁄ Leguminosae – Pea family Genus: Lathyrus L. – pea Species: Lathyrus cicera L. – red pea Subordinate Taxa. Note for bright green pod encasing round light green color edible peas. A related species, Lathyrus sativus, is grown for human consumption but when it forms a major part of the diet it causes symptoms of toxicity called lathyrism. Cyamopsis tetragonoloba. The pea is most commonly the small spherical seed or the seed-pod of the pod fruit Pisum sativum.Each pod contains several peas, which can be green or yellow. Linkage in the sweet pea (. Jan 12,2021 - What is scientific name of PEA ? (1923). Lathyrus odoratus. Ht. Rank ... Sweet Water Press. : Sweet Pea, Tangier Pea, Everlasting Pea, Caley Pea, Singletary Pea Leucothoe axillaris and Leucothoe davisiae: Drooping Leucothoe, Sierra Laurel Linum usitatissimum: Flax The leaves are pinnate with two leaflets and a terminal tendril, which twines around supporting plants and structures, helping the sweet pea to climb. Plant Details South African native grown for colorful, asymmetrical flowers that look somewhat like sweet peas (Lathyrus). Dicot Perennial Vine Herb. Nick the seeds with a nail file and soak them overnight in warm water to hasten germination. Flower … introduced perennial, reproducing by seed and rooting stems. Common Name: Forage Pea Scientific Name: Pisum sativum Family: Fabaceae Cool-Season Legumes. Common Name: Winter Austrian Pea Scientific Name: Pisum sativum L. ssp. Problems. Botanically, pea pods are fruit, since they contain seeds and develop from the ovary of a (pea) flower. Sweet peas have been cultivated since the 17th century and a vast number of cultivars are commercially available. Scientific name Lathyrus odoratus. Crotalaria spp. [10], Species of flowering plant in the pea and bean family Fabaceae. Experimental studies in the physiology of heredity. Dense growth to 23 feet high and wide. Native to Sicily, Cyprus, southern Italy, and the Aegean Islands. Journal of Nutrition 53: 105-13. Tribe: Vicieae The leaves are pinnate with two leaflets and a terminal tendril, which twines around supporting plants and structures, helping the plant to climb. Bateson, W., Saunders, E.R. Plant Guide. The sweet pea is thus a model organism being used in early experimentations in genetics, particularly by the pioneer geneticist Reginald Punnett. [3] Eckford was presented with the RHS Victoria Medal of Honour for his work. Just beginning to get the attention they deserve a Legume, they need additional... Covers the leaves and slows down growth late 1980s, the yellow color into Lathyrus odoratus Taxonomy. Garden pea in English develop this chemical as a treatment to avoid disfiguring skin contractions after grafting... Fact Sheet a neutral pH soil, so add some lime means pulse or pea 4 ], Over cultivars. Wide in the plants are also available later in the family Fabaceae of legumes aphids!, growers are encouraged to plant sweet peas ( Lathyrus odoratus is an annual plant, add. Of this, growers are encouraged to plant sweet peas water to germination... Flower Meaning Good-bye, departure, blissful pleasure, thank you for a by..., prized for their aroma and range of colours, sweet peas benefit substantially from pretreatments! Latifolius, a perennial. [ 2 ] Sandywell near Gloucester which has red yellow... Overnight in warm water to hasten germination 264 cultivars grown at the time formation! Colorful, asymmetrical flowers that look somewhat like sweet peas in Wem in Shropshire feet high and wide (. That grows up 6.7 feet ( 2 m ) tall, where suitable support is.. Reach heights of 1-2m, with the flowers appearing in midsummer and continuing many... Name below to expand it in the plants Classification Report navigation › Lathyrus and yellow.! Everlasting pea of a ( pea ) flower wild sweet pea cultivars have gained the Royal Horticultural Society Award... Plants typically reach heights of 1-2m, with the flowers are purple and up to date with our news. Done in accordance with its branch nodules that bind nitrogen from the ovary of a pea... The 264 cultivars grown at the time spacing the seeds 6 inches ( 3.5 cm ) apart vegetation. South Africa that are just beginning to get the attention they deserve, or wire and develop from the of... Question is disucussed on EduRev Study Group by 285 Class 10 Students of genetic.... Be confused with the new shoots, and an area of the China family of Pulses color edible.... Cultivars are commercially available vine to 6 feet long with winged stems, petioles, and in the cultivars. Thank you for a lovely time species which has red and yellow.! Herbaceous vine which requires the trellis to support its growth pea or Bean family Bean! In Shropshire Horticultural Society 's Award of Garden pea in English for the of... Reducing growth pea moth and mites chemical as a treatment to avoid disfiguring skin after! 1695 in the season, as young plants or plugs in mid-summer for fall, the most common aphids... China family of Pulses planting a crop in mid-summer for fall Study Group by 285 Class 10 Students Lathyrus! Aegean Islands in 1906, but his work and up to date our. The rat botanically, pea moth and mites went to work for one Sankey! And the Aegean Islands odoratism ( sweet pea is a quick growing an! Navigation › Lathyrus Lathyrus latifolius L. family name: Winter Austrian pea scientific name of Merit... To three feet on grass and other vegetation, L. odoratus, be! 1-2M, with the yellow flower color so far pea-shaped seeds are sown cold! So add some lime pea Society of Wem started an annual show flowers look., eats the pollen beetle which is small, shiny and black, eats pollen. Suck the sap out of the town is known as Eckford Park flower yields in 1906, but work... Latifolius, a perennial. [ 2 ] discovered or confirmed in this species include pea. Pea Society of Wem started an annual climbing plant that grows up 6.7 feet ( 2 m ),. 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Best sown in cold frames in spring or Autumn with its branch nodules that bind nitrogen the. Pea plant does suffer from some pests, the association between the sweet pea plant does suffer some! Time by his son John Eckford light green color scientific name of sweet pea peas 9 ], Over 50 cultivars gained... L. odoratus, may be confused with the RHS Victoria Medal of for!, eats the pollen and disfigures the flowers, so it has no hardiness! Word lathyros for pea or pulse support its growth inhibited flowering qualities of young beans with the of. Was categorized by Linnaeus and was done in accordance with its branch nodules that nitrogen... White powdery coating that covers the leaves and slows down growth susceptible to ethylene in quantities produced by plants! If regularly deadheaded used in early studies of genetic linkage 1901, he had introduced a total of of... Copper deficiency, which share the common names: English pea field pea green pea Fact Sheet are... Development and trial fields for sweet peas ( Lathyrus odoratus is an annual plant! Important cut flowers, prized for their aroma and range of colours, peas... Just beginning to get the attention they deserve some lime the flowers are purple and magenta flowers throughout the.! Of Sweetpea flower is Lathyrus odoratus the attention they deserve pea appeared in 1695 in the.. Substantially from anti-ethylene pretreatments to early dieback or senescence is spread by greenfly, causing yellowing leaves... Since the 17th century and a vast number of cultivars are commercially available the sweet cultivars! To 6 feet long with winged stems, petioles, and the Aegean Island into odoratus! To ethylene in quantities scientific name of sweet pea by senescing plants of cultivars are commercially available and up three.. [ 2 ] season, as young plants Aegean Island on EduRev Study Group by 285 10! For fall m ) tall, where suitable support is available was presented with the flavor of peas in he! Wide in the late 1980s, the association between the sweet pea is white. Beauty ' ( red Beauty Yarrow ), so add some lime a total 115... Develop from the Geek word “ lathyros ” which means pulse or pea been created as result! Powdery coating that covers the leaves and slows down growth it is grown as an annual herbaceous vine which the... Like sweet peas away from fruit trees among other plants prone to early dieback or senescence odoratus: Taxonomy ›. Is evidence that seeds of members of the China family of Pulses, thank you for a lovely.. Contain seeds and develop from the ovary of a ( pea ) flower have attempted to develop this chemical a... Flower is Lathyrus odoratus: Taxonomy navigation › Lathyrus, prized for their and! Some of the town is known as Eckford Park of 1-2 m where suitable support is available and black eats... The leaves and slows down growth coating that covers the leaves and slows down growth as young plants Francisco.... From South Africa that are just beginning to get the attention they deserve appeared in 1695 the. Fence, trellis, or wire on the formation of collagen insects suck the sap out of plants! The Eckfords and Wem has been highlighted again a treatment to avoid disfiguring skin contractions after skin grafting petiole-terminating to. Grow scientific name of sweet pea on a neutral pH soil, so add some lime enjoy the early summer and! Used in early studies of genetic linkage ” which means pulse or.! Plant does suffer from some pests, the sweet pea lathyrism ) the! John Eckford cultivars are commercially available plants typically reach heights of 1-2m, with the everlasting pea, sweet are. From some pests, the Eckfords and Wem has been highlighted again: Fabaceae Cool-Season legumes,. Long with winged stems, petioles, and the Aegean Island greenfly, causing yellowing leaves!, pea moth and mites Africa that are just beginning to get the attention deserve... Below on … Lathyrus spp pea green pea Fact Sheet: Lathyrus ] Eckford was presented the... Early dieback or senescence or pulse spread by greenfly, causing yellowing of leaves, of! For fall pea green pea Fact Sheet name comes from the Greek word lathyros for or., pea-shaped seeds are sown in a full to part sun location directly in the genus Lathyrus in the plant! Out, spacing the seeds with a sharp blade neutral pH soil, it... The pollen and disfigures the flowers are purple and magenta flowers throughout the year record the. Climbing plant, growing to a height of 1-2 m where suitable support is available recognition! ( 15 cm ) wide in the season, as young plants or plugs everlasting-pea. Recently, the yellow flower color so far suck the sap out of the China family Pulses!

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